April 4, 1776
Acting on earlier intelligence, George Washington
to travel to New York.
April 12, 1776
is on the mind of John Adams, who writes to Abigail
“You will see by the papers, the news, the
speculations and the political plans of the day. The
ports are opened wide enough at last, and
are allowed to prey upon British trade.
This is not
independency you know. -- What is? Why government in
every colony, a confederation among them all, and
treaties with foreign nations to acknowledge us a
sovereign state, and all that. -- When these things
will be done, or any of them, time must discover.
Perhaps the time is near, perhaps a great way
April 14, 1776
Washington arrives in New York
to prepare for a British attack.
The 19 of April [1775 is]
ever memorable for America
as the Ides of March to Rome
and Caesar” Abigail Adams reflects on
& Concord’s first anniversary, when the British marched to
retrieve gun powder and other supplies of the
American militia. Both sides claimed the other fired
the first shot of the American Revolution on April
April 23 is St. George’s
Day, designated in 1222. St. George is the patron
saint of England
and many other regions and countries. In 1776, John
Adams heard from his barber how the divisions of
patriots and loyalists affected celebrations of
Day in Philadelphia.
“This is St.
George’s Day, a festival celebrated
by the English, as Saint Patrick’s is by the Irish,
St. David’s by the Welch, and St. Andrew’s
by the Scotch.
The natives of old England
in this city heretofore formed a society, which they
called Saint George's Club, or Saint George’s
Society. Upon the twenty-third of April annually,
they had a great feast.
But the times and politics
have made a schism in the society so that one part
of them are to meet and dine at the city tavern, and
the other at the Bunch of Grapes, Israel
Jacobs’s, and a third Party go out of town. One
set are staunch Americans, another staunch Britons. I
suppose, and a third half-way men, neutral beings,
moderate men, prudent folks -- for such is the
division among men upon all occasions and every
John writes Abigail Adams.
“We are hastening rapidly to great
events. Governments will be up everywhere before
midsummer, and an end to Royal style, titles and
authority. Such mighty revolutions make a deep
impression on the minds of me and set [many violent]
passions at work. Hope, fear, joy, sorrow, love,
hatred, malice, envy, revenge, jealousy, ambition,
avarice, resentment, gratitude, and every other
passion, feeling, sentiment, principle and
imagination, were never in more lively exercise than
they are now, from Florida to Canada inclusively.
May God in his Providence overrule the whole.”