Revolution 240 photos of re-enactors (Joseph Sohm), a '76 flag and the Declaration of Independence,

Celebrating 240 years since 1776, adapted in part from Stories of Faith & Courage from the Revolutionary War (AMG)

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August 1776

Henry Knox writes his wife that he is glad she isn't with him as more British ships arrived in New York.

“Two ships and three tenders of the enemy about twenty minutes past three weighed anchor, and in twenty-five minutes were before the town. We had a loud cannonade, but could not stop them, though I believe we damaged them much.”

August 8, 1776
“For the several posts on New York, Long, and Governor’s Island, and Paulus Hook, the army consisted of only seventeen thousand two hundred and twenty-five men, of whom three thousand six hundred and sixty-eight were sick,” Washington reports in a letter to the Continental Congress. 

“Under every disadvantage, my utmost exertions shall be employed to bring about the great end we have in view; and, so far as I can judge from the professions and apparent dispositions of my troops, I shall have their support.”

August 9, 1776
Nathanael Greene receives his long-desired promotion as one of the four new major generals. He commands troops on Long Island. 

Continental Army officer John Marshall describes the Continental Army as “unstable in its nature,—incapable, from its structure, of receiving discipline,—and inferior to its enemy, in numbers, in arms, and in every military equipment.”

circa Aug. 27, 1776
George Washington gives his men an inspirational talk before the Battle of Long Island. 

“The time is now near at hand, which must determine whether Americans are to be freemen or slaves. Whether they are to have any property they can call their own; whether their houses and farms are to be pillaged and destroyed, and consigned to a state of wretchedness from which no human efforts will deliver them. The fate of unborn millions will now depend, under God, on the courage and conduct of this army . . . Let us then rely on the goodness of our cause, and the aid of the Supreme Being, in whose hands victory is to animate and encourage us to great and noble actions.”

Aug. 27, 1776
On this day in history, the Battle of Long Island takes places during the American Revolution.

Aug. 27, 1776
“We have had a glorious day against the rebels,” a British field officer reports after the American line retreats during the Battle of Long Island.

Aug. 28-9, 1776
George Washington and his army silently evacuate Long Island by boat to Manhattan during a heavy fog to prevent the destruction of his army. Believing the Americans to be much stronger than they are, British General Howe makes no immediate attempt to force their lines. 

“The safe retreat of the patriot army was by many attributed to a peculiar Providence. It was a trust in this Providence, a calm assurance of ultimate success under its guiding care that strengthened the hearts of the patriots in their darkest hour of trial,” future historian William Jackman concluded.

Aug. 31, 1776
While her husband George Washington manages the retreat of his army in New York, Martha Washington waits for family news. Her son Jack writes that she has become a grandmother. “I have the extreme happiness at last to inform you, that Nelly was safely delivered this morning about five o’clock of a fine daughter.”

Celebrating 240 years since 1776, adapted in part from Stories of Faith & Courage from the Revolutionary War (AMG)

JanuaryFebruaryMarchAprilMayJune  |  JulyAugustSeptember  |  October  |  November  |  December

Jane Hampton Cook's TV segments relating to the American Revolution

How past presidents rallied in the face of adversity Threats of terrorism loomed large over Independence Day in 2015. How did past presidents such as James Madison handle threats? Jane reveals the subject of her upcoming book as she discusses this topic with Uma Pemmaraju on the Fox News Channel.

Jane puts AMC's Turn into "Context"